Post by That Derek
Sorry, it's on New York Times, and, quite frankly, he's not worth expending
one of my ten free monthly look-ups.
Ernest Medina, Army Captain Acquitted in My Lai Massacre, Dies at 81
By Richard Goldstein
May 13, 2018
Ernest L. Medina, the Army captain who was accused of overall
responsibility for the March 1968 mass killings of unarmed South
Vietnamese men, women and children by troops he commanded in what
became known as the My Lai massacre, but was acquitted at a
court-martial, died on Tuesday in Peshtigo, Wis. He was 81.
His death was confirmed by the Thielen Funeral Home in Marinette, a
nearby town where he had lived. The cause was not given.
On March 16, 1968, a month and a half after North Vietnamese and
Vietcong forces launched the Tet offensive, wide-ranging attacks that
stunned the American military command in the Vietnam War, Captain
Medina and the three platoons of his infantry company entered the
village of My Lai in South Vietnam's south central coast region.
What happened over the hours that followed became one of darkest
chapters of American military history. An Army inquiry ultimately
determined that 347 civilians were killed that day — shot, bayoneted or
blasted with grenades. A Vietnamese memorial erected at the site has
put the toll at 504.
But the mass killings were not exposed until November 1969, when the
independent journalist Seymour Hersh, tipped off to the atrocity, wrote
of it in a series of articles that brought him a Pulitzer Prize for
The revelations were shocking in an America already divided over an
increasingly unpopular war. But Captain Medina and Lieutenant William
L. Calley Jr., who was subsequently convicted of murder at a
court-martial as the leader of the platoon that carried out the
massacre, came to be viewed by many as scapegoats in an unwinnable
Captain Medina and his men of Charlie Company, a unit in the 11th
Brigade of the Americal Division, engaged in "search and destroy
operations" in March 1968 aimed at clearing the Vietcong from populated
areas where they were presumed to have taken refuge.
According to Captain Medina's later testimony at Lieutenant Calley's
court-martial, Army intelligence had advised that the villagers of My
Lai (pronounced ME-LYE) would be doing their customary shopping at a
nearby marketplace when the troops arrived. Those left in the village
at that hour would supposedly be Vietcong soldiers who had blended in
with the population.
While Captain Medina remained near his helicopter's landing spot a few
hundred yards outside of My Lai, keeping in radio contact with his men,
Lieutenant Calley, an inexperienced officer, and his equally green
infantrymen rampaged through the village, encountering only unarmed
The massacre that unfolded did not conclude until a helicopter pilot,
Chief Warrant Officer Hugh Thompson Jr., hovering with two crewmen to
identify enemy positions by drawing expected Vietcong fire, saw signs
of mass killings, landed in the village, demanded at gunpoint that
Lieutenant Calley halt the attack and alerted higher authorities by
Lieutenant Calley was convicted of premeditated murder of least 22
civilians at a lengthy court-martial ending in March 1971.
He testified that Captain Medina had ordered him via radio to "get rid
of" what the lieutenant had described as "enemy personnel" whose
detention was slowing his progress through the village.
Captain Medina denied that the conversation took place and his
testimony was corroborated by his radio officer. He testified that in
his pre-assault briefing, he had not generally addressed the issue of
what to do with civilians in the village since he assumed everyone
there would be Vietcong.
But he testified that when one his troopers asked, "Do we kill women
and children?" he replied: "No, you do not kill women and children. You
must use common sense," adding that "if they have a weapon and are
trying to engage you, then you can shoot back."
Lieutenant Calley was sentenced to 20 years in prison but the case
became embroiled in court battles and he spent a little more than three
years confined to barracks or under house arrest at Fort Benning, Ga.,
before being released.
Captain Medina went on trial in September 1971, defended by the
prominent criminal lawyer F. Lee Bailey, as well as a military lawyer.
He was charged with involuntary manslaughter of at least 100 civilians,
the murder of a woman and two counts of assault against a prisoner by
firing twice over his head to frighten him the night after the
The defense contended that Captain Medina was unaware of large-scale
killings of defenseless civilians until they had already occurred. The
prosecution argued that the defense account was not credible since
Captain Medina had been in continual radio contact with his platoons.
The court-martial panel of five combat officers returned not guilty
verdicts on all counts after an hour's deliberation.
Following revelations of the massacre in the news media, the Army
undertook an official investigation. Lt. Gen. William R. Peers, who
oversaw it, declared on March 18, 1970, "Our inquiry clearly
established that a tragedy of major proportions occurred there on that
Lieutenant Calley was the only soldier convicted on criminal charges in
connection with the massacre. Maj. Gen. Samuel W. Koster, the commander
of the Americal Division, was found by an Army inquiry to have failed
to investigate reports of the mass killings adequately. He was demoted
one rank, to brigadier general. Col. Oran Henderson, a brigade
commander in the division, stood trial and was acquitted of cover-up
charges. Both had hovered above My Lai in their helicopters during the
massacre but maintained they had been unaware of mass murders.
Ernest Lou Medina was born on Aug. 27, 1936, in Springer, N.M., one of
two children of Simon Medina, a ranch hand, and his wife, Pauline. His
mother died of cancer when he was an infant and his father sent him and
his sister to live with grandparents in Montrose, Colo., while pursuing
work as a sheepherder.
After graduating from high school he enlisted in the Army as a private
in 1956. He later attended Officer Candidate School, was commissioned
as a lieutenant and arrived in Vietnam in December 1967.
In the weeks before My Lai, Lieutenant Calley's platoon had suffered
casualties when his men wandered into a minefield. Captain Medina
rescued survivors, an act for which he was later awarded a Silver Star.
Mr. Medina and Mr. Calley both resigned from the Army after their
court-martials. Mr. Medina settled with his family in Marinette and
worked as a salesman for a helicopter company and a real estate agent.
Mr. Calley joined a family jewelry business in Georgia.
Mr. Medina's survivors include his wife, Barbara; his sons Greg and
Cecil and a daughter, Ingrid Medina; his sister, Linda Lovato, and
In an interview with The Associated Press in 1988, Mr. Medina called
the My Lai killings a "horrendous thing."
"I have regrets for it, but I have no guilt over it because I didn't
cause it," he said. "That's not what the military, particularly the
United States Army, is trained for."
He said that the My Lai killings needed to be viewed in the context of
the Vietnam War.
"There were no front lines," he said. "It was a guerrilla war. It's
something I feel a lot of draftees were not trained for, a lot of the
officers were not trained. I'm talking not just about lieutenants. I'm
talking about senior officers."
"But then again, maybe the war should have never happened," he added.
"I think if everybody were to look at it in hindsight, I'm sure a lot
of the politicians and generals would think of it otherwise. Maybe it
was a war that we should have probably never gotten involved in as
deeply as we did without the will to win it."